What is Wi-Fi and what will be its future?

Excuse me can you give me a wifi password?

WiFi : If you have never asked this question to anyone or you have-not been asked it means that you are cut off from today world.

But lets start with the fact that Wi-Fi was introduced in market in 1997 as a system that was a means of wireless access to Internet in a specific place or area.

Word WiFi comes from the Wi-Fi Alliance but it is now so common that it has-been added to the Royal Spanish Academy dictionary.

But that does not make sense. As Phil Bellinger 1 of the founding members of the company revealed this is result of a marketing strategy.

It is also important to note that Wi-Fi is based on the IEEE 802.11 standard a system of wireless communications created by  Institute of Electrical & Electronics Engineers a World global organization of engineers. The organization works globally for quality & development in technical fields.

& over the last 25 years or so Wi-Fi has made a profound impact on the way we communicate in society constantly improving our technology.

Biggest impact and benefit of WiFi is equal access to the Internet says Sujit Day director of the Center for Wireless Communications at the USA American University of San Diego. Imagine if the world could only develop with cellular or satellite technology only the rich could use it.

Everyone has access to Wi-Fi WiFi because it is based on an unlicensed spectrum.

Analyzing this Professor Day says It means that no 1 controls it of course it means that sometimes the quality of its service can be bad. Compared to cable network it is a free network. Without Wi-Fi millions of people around the Globally world would be deprived of any form of Internet access.

Everyone has access to Wi-Fi WiFi because it is based on an unlicensed spectrum.

But Wi-Fi also has economic implications.

Dorothy Stanley a member of the Standards Association at the Institute of Electrical & Electronic Engineers told British News Mando that its economic impact is billions of dollars a year. This is an extraordinary effect. I think it is hard to underestimate impact that connectivity has on people. 

Wi-Fi Alliance estimates that by 2022 about 18 billion WiFienabled devices will be in use.

Global economic value of Wi-Fi is estimated at 3 3.3 trillion in 2021 & according to a telecom study it is expected to reach 9 4.9 trillion by 2025.

Wi-Fi has also transformed its customers into demanding more efficient reliable & secure connections hybrid or sophisticated connectivity systems at home and in companies & the Internet of Things IoT.

In a world that is becoming increasingly interconnected we ask ourselves, what is the future of this connectivity ? What comes after Wi-Fi to access the Internet?

Network access to networks developed

It is important to note that although Wi-Fi has rapidly entered the developed world in the last 2 decades there are still many areas of the planet where this technology is not available & the Internet is not available.

For example a 2021 study by the US Inter American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture IICA  the Inter American Development Bank IDB & Microsoft estimates that 244 million people in Latin America 1 third of the population have access to the Internet. Does not have access

However in the aftermath of the Code 19 epidemic communication became an important necessity many technological advances were made by governments & organizations to connect remote areas.

Wi-Fi is not a complete solution but it is an important part of the overall solution said Dorothy Stanley head of the Standard Task Force.

Experts cite examples from remote areas of India & Canada where mixed communications systems with satellite fiber optics & wireless are in place.

If we talk about future connectivity I think the short answer would be to improve & improve & cover areas that are not covered today says Drothy.

He highlighted the efforts of Mexico City officials in this regard saying that in 2021 thanks to the city  21,500 free Internet points it achieved the Guinness World Record for  most connected city in the world.

Wi-Fi for now

Network access to networks developed

Wi-Fi for now

Quality of Wi-Fi has been steadily rising since its inception usually with speed improvements new features or technologies and a new identity.

802.11ax or Wi-Fi 6 is the latest version released in 2021. It offers extremely fast speeds of 9.6 GHz per second Gbps & supports 2.4 GHz 5 and 6 GHz frequency bands & wide channels.

But it is not yet widely available in the market.

& engineers are already working on improved features on 802.11be or WiFi 7 before 2024 which could be a significant milestone according to a June 2022 task force report.

Everything indicates that there is no limit to Wi-Fi.

We have not found an alternative yet ,& the estimate is that  demand for Wi-Fi will increase 10 fold in the next 10 years so we're seeing an increase in Wi-Fi Stanley said.

She adds: I think we'll see more Wi-Fi in the coming days. Our goal is to focus on greater range performance & consistency with earlier versions because we want people to use all the devices they've already bought and invested in.

Advances in Wi-Fi not only improve speed but also allow multiple devices to be connected & maintained at same time.

More and more people want to use a variety of devices he told the British news Mando. Not just the phone but watch glasses etc. There will be more connected devices in the future. That why Wi-Fi is updated.

Wi-Fi replacement

Although Wi-Fi still has a lot of room to grow & is the most stable technology for connectivity there are some alternatives to the Internet connection that could complement or perhaps replace it in  future.

Sujit Day says 5G is coming to most European countries  United States & Latin America. The problem is that 5G was mostly based on 4G technology. Therefore actual implementation of 5G will take a few years.

According to a study by technology company Ericsson by the end of 2026 about 43% of mobile subscriptions in Latin America will be on 5G.

What happens when there is no internet?

But the costs will be higher.

Many people can not afford a 5G plan so Wi-Fi is still the cheapest alternative for them said the UCSD professor. But of course you can not take Wi-Fi out of the house so there should be a 5G plan that everyone can afford.

The possibility of transmitting data through light is also being shown.

Herald Haas professor of mobile communications at the University of Edinburgh coined the term Li-Fi in 2011 to describe a technology that uses LED lights to transmit data.

Downside of traditional WiFi routers is that they can interfere with each other by connecting multiple devices in 1 place.

But the creator of Li-Fi says that LiFi can use multiple LED lights in a room without any interference.

Li-Fi can provide Internet access 100 times faster than traditional Wi-Fi offering speeds of up to 1 gigabit per second Gbps.

And it requires a light source such as a standard LED lamp or bulb, an internet connection & a photo detector.

According to Professor Day this type of technology is very effective for the interior but will require additional infrastructure costs so it is not a cheap alternative.

Explaining, he says Imagine an office where you have to install the right reflectors. It has some advantages in terms of speed and level of contact but its disadvantages are that it is new in general terms. Infrastructure will be needed.

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And satellite connectivity is also an alternative.

Companies like billionaire Elon Musk Star link offer high speed broadband satellite internet service in remote and rural areas with a  110 monthly plan which once cost 599 for a hardware device.

StarLink is an innovative addition to our connectivity portfolio says Stanley. I think it has the potential to increase the deployment of existing satellites & perhaps make this technology more affordable & widespread.

However there are more delays in satellite communication which means that the delays are longer than Wi-Fi or cell phones.

To alleviate this problem some companies have low orbit satellites & have fewer interruption problems said Professor Day. Now they are also trying to connect satellite and Wi-Fi.

If this integration is successful in the next few years it will not be just a few people who will be able to work remotely. & a lot of people will be able to do that because there will be Wi-Fi connectivity everywhere.

Professor Day highlighted Google balloon project as well as some companies that are testing drones to offer connectivity.

I think the best connection would be with the air because it would have very low infrastructure costs he warns.

You can access areas where there is no fiber optics especially in underdeveloped countries that want to be more developed he says.

Google Globe can provide Internet access in remote areas

It is clear that there are a number of technologies currently being tested & will be used in the future.

There is no single technology that includes everything says Stanley. Connectivity is so in demand that we need to take everything put products together & bring them to market so that the need for people every where to stay connected can be met.


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Our vision for the future is for everyone to be connected he says.

For Professor Day the landscape of connectivity will change completely in the next 10 to 20 years which is why connectivity should be a birthright in modern times.

Because we can not do anything constructive without connectivity," he said.